The unconditional surrender of the German Third Reich

„Infernul a coborât pe pământ….frontul a ajuns la fortăreţa Monte Cassino, unde plouă cu obuze care mutilează trupurile oamenilor….”- povesteşte descriptiv Sven Pedersen din experienţa sa de soldat în al II-lea Răboi Mondial, trăită şi de mine ca cititor pe parcursul a multor volume semnate Sven Hassel.

Este istoria trăită,scrisă, povestită a celui de pe linia frontului. Dar despre aceea din spatele frontului, despre acea istorie care face să tacă armele, se cunoaşte?

Despre instituţia Surrender „Act of Military Surrender, with certain additions and alternations” şi sfârşitul celui de al II -lea Război Mondial, mulţi nu cred că au cunoştiinţele necesare în materie, fapt pentru care  multe detalii ale procedurii în sine atrag doar pe cunoscători. Mărturisesc că este destul de interesantă şi dezvăluie detalii din culisele ce au condus la Capitularea necondiționată a Germaniei, începând de la procedura oficială a citării părţilor prin actul „Citation” – Act of Military Surrender (Reims) 1944.

This instrument of surrender was signed on May 7, 1945, at Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower’s headquarters in Reims by Gen. Alfred Jodl, Chief of Staff of the German Army. At the same time, he signed three other surrender documents, one each for Great Britain, Russia, and France.

Instruments of Surrender and Armistice
1945, 1953

Textual Records: Official copies of instruments of surrender of the German forces signed at Luneburg, May 4, 1945; at Reims, May 7, 1945; and at Berlin, May 8, 1945, including authorizations to the German representatives to sign on behalf of the German Government and orders of the Supreme Allied Commander, Allied Expeditionary Force, to the German High Command. Instruments of surrender of the Japanese forces signed in Tokyo Bay, September 2, 1945. Instruments of surrender of Japanese forces in southern Korea, Southeast Asia, the Ryukyus, the Philippines, and Ocean, Nauru, and Saishu Islands, September 1945. Korean Armistice Agreement, June 8, 1953; and the Temporary Agreement Supplementary to the Armistice Agreement, July 27, 1953.

Urmarea semnării a fost Capitularea necondiționată al celui de al treilea Reich german, după ce a fost a fost semnat în primele ore ale diminetii (șapte) la (SHAEF)  Reims, în nord-estul Franței

Surrender of Germany (1945)

surrender

The unconditional surrender of the German Third Reich was signed in the early morning hours of Monday, May 7, 1945 at Supreme Headquarters, Allied Expeditionary Force (SHAEF) at Reims in northeastern France. Present were representatives of the four Allied Powers—France, Great Britain, the Soviet Union, and the United States—and the three Germany officers delegated by German President Karl Doenitz—Gen. Alfred Jodl, who had alone been authorized to sign the surrender document; Maj. Wilhelm Oxenius, an aide to Jodl; and Adm. Hans-Georg von Friedeburg, one of the German chief negotiators. Lt. Gen. Walter Bedell Smith, SHAEF chief of staff, led the Allied delegation as the representative of General Eisenhower, who had refused to meet with the Germans until the surrender had been accomplished. Other American officers present were Maj. Gen. Harold R. Bull and Gen. Carl Spaatz.

After the signing of the Reims accord, Soviet chief of staff Gen. Alexei Antonov expressed concern to SHAEF that the continued fighting in the east between Germany and the Soviet Union made the Reims surrender look like a separate peace. The Soviet command wanted the Act of Military Surrender, with certain additions and alternations, to be signed at Berlin. To the Soviets, the documents signed at Berlin on May 8, 1945, represented the official, legal surrender of the Third Reich. The Berlin document had few significant changes from the one signed a day earlier at Reims.

For more information, see Milestone Documents in the National Archives, “Germany Surrenders” (Washington: National Archives Trust Fund Board, 1989), pp. 5–6, 8–9.

“The mission of this Allied Force was fulfilled at 0241, local time, May 7th, 1945.

EISENHOWER”

Top secret document sent by General Eisenhower to his superior officers to inform them that his mission was fulfilled – Germany was defeated and the war in Europe was over.

-from the Eisenhower Library

top secret

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